Remember that for a boat to be considered a pleasure boat, its length (length from bow to stern) must be between 2.5 and 24 metres, for recreational and/or sporting use (it can be for profit) and with a maximum of 12 passengers. Fishing, if done, will always be non-professional. Unlike the driving license, the necessary nautical qualification can be obtained starting with the practices. Therefore, if you are determined and you are excited about to enjoy your pleasure boat, do not wait to finish all the procedures, you can register and consolidate the concepts while you sail and study the theory. You need to be clear about the type of boat you want and the necessary permits. In this post we will emphasize more about the licenses with a brief mention of the different types of pleasure craft.
Types of recreational boats:
- Floating or beach boats
That is, canoes, kayaks and canoes, inflatable boats, pedal boats (also with motors below 3.5 kv), sailing and surfboards and powered sliding boards.
- Jet skis or watercraft
Depending on the power of the jet ski you will be required to obtain different navigation license.
- Large sailing boats, with or without engine
- Motor boats and cabins boats
Types of license for pleasure boats:
- Navigation license
It is a permit for people over 18 years old or from 16 years old, with the permission of the legal guardian, to sail with boats up to 6mts’s length and jet skis up to 55c.v. (41 kv.) without being able to sail further 2 miles away from the coast and only day navigation. Issued by recreational sailing schools and by sailing and motorboat federations. It is a theoretical course of about 2 hours with practical classes of navigation and safety.
- Jet Ski Skipper C
Similar to the navigation license. Young people from 16 years old are eligible, with the permission of their legal guardian. The maximum power of the engines allowed in this license is up to 55c.v. (41 kv.).
- Jet Ski Skipper B
The power of the motors varies between 55 H.P. and 110 H.P. (from 41 to 82 kv). The only difference with the previous license, besides the higher power, is that it will be necessary to pass the practical tests.
- Jet ski skipper A
Without limit in the navigation it is possible to exceed the 110 C.V. (82 kv) of power.
- Skipper for basic navigation (PNB)
For larger and more spacious pleasure boats it is an ideal license. The PNB allows you to sail with boats that do not exceed 8 meters in length, without going more than 5 miles from the coast. If your watercraft has the power specified in the previous section, it is advisable to have the PNB to gain more navigation options. It is a more demanding license in which you will find safety practices and radio communication regulations, as well as having to present a psychophysical aptitude report.
- Skipper for pleasure boats (PER)
It will allow you greater freedom of navigation and to handle larger boats (up to 15mts. long), moving a maximum of 12 miles from the coast. With this permit you have the possibility of sailing between the islands of the Canary and Balearic archipelago. Jet skis no longer have specific navigation limits. The requirements to get the permit will be all the above plus the short-range radio operator course.
- Yacht skipper
Motor pleasure boats of up to 24 meters in length sailing distances of up to 150 miles drawing a line parallel to the coast. The requirement to become a yacht skipper is the Title of Skipper for Pleasure Boats.
- Yacht captain
The last and most important of the pleasure boat permits. Besides being able to sail with boats, motorcycles and launches up to 24 meters long, there is no distance limit in navigation. The license of Yacht Skipper is required.